• Multi-level governance: the process of connecting with higher and lower levels of society (from Europe to the street). It is a key process to travel across the borders of the different levels of the ecosystem.
  • Ordering: the process of ordering my measuring numbers, dosages and structures of the ecosystem.
  • Creation: the process of from sensing of trends, developing strategy and policy plan and implement and monitor them related to desired public value.
  • Delivery: the process of communicating with stakeholders and the acutal delivery of products and services.
  • Financial Engineering: the process of collecting and budgetting financial sources to make things possible.
  • Compliancy: the process of acting and working according the legislation and rules by checking, verifying, auditing, supervising, examining and measuring correctness.
  • Correction: the process of prompt, immediate and accurate management of crises and disasters to bring society back into balance, i.e. recovery process. These can be related to biotic factors as diseases or abiotic factors as flooding. Compared to society we can speak of rebuilding and recovering from crises and disasters.
  • Succession: in case of getting out completely out of balance there is in nature loss and a path towards a next generation. There are no recovery processes in place and the system slides into a next system level.

Compliance and Credibility

Jack P. Kruf (2017) Compliance [Fine art print]. Breda: Governance Connect. Based on the magic square by Albrecht Dürer (Melencolia I).

One of the main processes in public governance is focused on acting in compliance with existing rules and regulations. Even in times of Corona, where top-down crisis management is the dominating way of governance, leaders will be accountable for compliance. Whatever is needed for the safety and well-being of the city, its people, organisations, nature, values, challenges, compliance at the end is key.

Compliance (with something) is the practice of obeying rules or requests made by people in authority (• procedures that must be followed to ensure full compliance with the law, • safety measures were carried out in compliance with paragraph 6 of the building regulations).


Compliance is one of the major conditions, constraints, starting points, boundaries or frames where the credibility of every public leader or civil servant finds it ground. It starts with the Constitution.

If the system world (that of public governance and government) and the living world of daily life in the city and society can be showed as a balanced 4*4 field canvas, then compliance could be expressed by the overlying magic square, symbolising the mathematic correctness in all directions.

As in compliance all strategies, policies, implementations, rules, regulations and finance need to be tuned, connected, linked and accountable, at all times. The legal obligation of compliance leads for every governmental council – it is not that easy in the endless wood of rules and regulations – to an intensive and above-average effort to make the yearly reports presentable and above all explainable and defendable towards citizens and stakeholders. Compliance is the magic key to credibility.

In itself compliance is figuratively a form of art. I was inspired by the genius of Albrecht Dürer. In his engraving Melencolia I this 4*4 magic grid with the sum of 34 is visible in the background. The magic square has a place in the rich history of mathematics. This fine art print hangs in the Classic Room of the house of one of my family members near Sherwood Forest.