Central question for the EcoCity® Scan is: “What is the state of the city related to a certain issue or value?”. The city is a metaphor for both a specific area or target group (the object) and the responsible actor(s) for governance (the subject)).

The purpose of carrying out this scan is to diagnose how the ecosystem of involved organisations actually is functioning. It is a look inside. The object and the subject of governance are linked within this approach, because both are part of the one ecosystem. This is unique.

The scan is carried out in a three steps along the main determinants of a natural ecosystem:

  1. The issue and the value.
  2. The system with object and subject.
  3. The elements of governance (based on FORTE® (Kruf et al., 2019).

1. The issue and the value

  • What is the issue?
  • What caused the issue in terms of (own) leadership et cetera?
  • What in general is the state of the city, described in your own words?
  • What public value should be delivered to solve the issue?

2. The system with object and subject

2a. Determinant: components

  • Which type of components are involved in the public value?
  • How many components are involved (numbers)?
  • What is the weight/power/influence of the involved components?
  • How are the components structured according weight and influence?

2b. Determinant: interactions

  • What are the main interactions between the most involved components.
  • Can you describe the main characteristics these interactions?

2c. Determinant: traits

  • What are the main traits of the involved components.

2d. Determinant: roles

  • What are the roles of involved components?
  • How do you rate the division of roles related to value delivery?

2e. Determinant: factors

  • What are the main biotic factors?
  • What are the main abiotic factors?

2f. Determinant: cycles

  • Where do water cycle and city meet, rate on quadrant where the city is involved
  • Where the nutrient cycle?
  • Where energy cycle?
  • Where democracy, money, policy?
  • Guidance from governance perspective?

3. The elements of governance, based on FORTE™ (Kruf et al, 2019).


Jack P. Kruf, Simon Grima, Murat Kizilkaya, Jonathan Spiteri, Wouter Slob, John O’Dea (2019). The PRIMO FORTE Framework for Good Governance in Public, Private and Civic Organisations: An Analysis on Small EU States. European Research Studies Journal, Volume XXII, Issue 4, 15-34, 2019 DOI: 10.35808/ersj/1494